Opening and using a bank account in Spain
One of the very first things you must do when buying property in Spain is to set up a bank account. This will make it much easier to maintain your life and the property in Spain.
You will want a Spanish bank account once you have bought your property in Spain. This will enable you to set up direct debits and standing orders to pay for your utilities and bills.
Most of the main Spanish banks cater well for English speakers, and you will generally be able to request that your contract comes in English – which will obviously mean you can understand what you are signing! It is also a good idea to make sure that a branch close to your new property has at least one English speaker working there.
Most Spanish banks charge a fee for servicing your account and some charge more fees than others for all the extras, like domestic and foreign bank-to-bank transfers.
The main Spanish banks have reorganised, refunded and modernised themselves since the financial crisis hit in 2008. The five big banks across the country are Santander, Banco Popular, BBVA, Sabadell Atlanticó and La Caixa.
Spanish banks have different opening times in summer and winter and may not be open on Saturdays. Generally, they are open weekday mornings until 1-2pm.
Types of bank accounts in Spain
A number of different types of account are available – both for residents and non-residents, although of course the resident accounts are more flexible and have a greater number of benefits. Each bank has a range of accounts, such as those specifically for pensioners, or small businesses.
Banking fees in Spain
Most Spanish banks charge a fee for servicing your account and some charge more fees than others for all the extras, like domestic and foreign bank-to-bank transfers. Other Spanish banks offer fee-free accounts with certain conditions attached, and there are some particularly interesting accounts available for retired residents, with free credit and debit cards, cashback on utility bills (Santander offers a cashback scheme on your expenditure), and free domestic transfers. These accounts are popular, as bank charges in Spain can be quite high, and some banks charge much more than others.
Non-resident accounts in Spain
To open a non-resident account in Spain, you will need the following:
• NIE (Número de Identidad de Extranjero) number – this is a legal requirement and is the Spanish tax identification number that the Spanish authorities allocate to non-Spanish nationals
• Funds with which to open the account
• Proof of address – for both the property you are buying in Spain and your UK address.
You may also be asked for a copy of a UK bank statement. If you later become a resident, you can change your account to a resident’s account. This will have advantages, but, as in the UK, tax is taken at source.
Cheques and bank cards in Spain
Spanish banks do not generally issue chequebooks; payments are usually made using credit and debit cards instead, (or cash, of course). You will usually receive an annual fee for a Visa or MasterCard credit card; this will generally be around €30-40, and as in the UK, gold cards for higher earners come at a higher fee.
Direct debits and paying bills
All utility bills in Spain must be paid by direct debit, so it’s important to keep your account topped up to cover these inevitable monthly payments – and these will be taken from your account, whether you have money in them or not! Defaulting incurs fines and threats to cut off the water, gas or electricity supply. Some utility bills are paid monthly, others bi-monthly or quarterly – make sure you know how and when your bills will need to be paid.
All utility bills in Spain must be paid by direct debit, so it’s important to keep your account topped up to cover these inevitable monthly payments.
Card payments in Spain
Nowadays, card payments in Spanish shops, restaurants and supermarkets are made with chip and pin. If you pay with a UK card, you will often be asked if you want the payment to be in euro or sterling – always say in euro as the exchange rate for exchanging the amount into sterling charged by the card company will be better than that given by the shop’s Spanish bank. Visa and MasterCard are accepted in most places – but the Spanish fall far behind other countries in accepting American Express cards, thanks to the additional charge that must be paid to Amex by businesses.
If you think you may go overdrawn, make sure you arrange this with your bank before the account is bereft of money. Most banks offer a facility to borrow money up to €5000 to cover major expenses – but rates will vary depending on the type of bank account you have and whether you have good credit record.
Generally, Spanish banks offer a good standard of service. You may be assigned a personal bank manager and the large banks have good internet banking sites, which makes handling your money from the UK or Spain much easier. Be prepared for queues at the counter though, especially at certain times of the day. ATMs can be found everywhere in Spain, but don’t forget that some may charge if they don’t belong to your bank’s group.
The Property Buyer’s Guide to Currency will help you: